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七星螳螂拳 Qi Xing Mantis Boxing

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年03月11日 09:17 网络孔子学院

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象形拳
之一。属螳螂拳中的硬螳螂拳,又名罗汉螳螂拳。清末科武举王永春(字云生,1854~1926)所创。王初学长拳、地趟拳,后师承螳螂名家神手山东省平度县的李之箭。艺成后,结合自己多年习练的体会,潜心研究,以螳螂拳为基础并吸收幼年所学之长,悟出七星捶、七星勾、七星步等法,以自家堂号“魁德堂”之魁字立名,而“魁”又是七星之首,故称七星螳螂拳。

 
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The Qi Xing Mantis Boxing is one kind of animal-imitation boxing and belongs to Hard Mantis Boxing of Mantis Boxing, and is also known as Arhats Mantis Boxing. It is created by Wang Yongchun, styled Yunsheng (1854~1926). At the very beginning, Wang learned Chang Quan, Di Tang Quan, and then he formally acknowledged Li Zhijian (Pingdu County, Shandong province), the famous master of Mantis Boxing, as his master. After the study, Wang did a lot of research, and touched the core of Qi Xing Hammers, Qi Xing Hook, Qi Xing Steps and other techniques combined with his own experience of years of practice, based on Mantis Boxing and absorbed the essence of what he have learned. Wang named the martial art as “Kuide Hall” after his own hall. The word “Kui” is the first position of the seven stars, so it is also called Qi Xing Mantis Boxing.

拳中将头以下七个部位与七星名称相对应,称作“分身七星”。基本架势以七星步做基础,讲求身为七星;步走七星。身为七星即指身体姿势须保持以头为魁,肩、肘、腕、臀、踝弯屈,使肢体曲如七星。步走七星是指步法之进退、闪展,似循七星轨迹。此拳劲力刚脆,横裹直撞,注重闪转腾挪,以螳螂手为代表套路。此外,还有插捶翻车、蹦步、拦截、摘盔、双插花、十八梭、锉钢、柔灵、螳螂九转十八跌、摘要等。摘要是摘取七星螳螂各拳套中主要动作组合而成,共有八趟。主要流传于山东、京、津等地。

The Qi Xing Mantis Boxing makes seven parts of the whole body except the head corresponded with the name of the Seven Stars, which is known as “Fenshen seven stars.” The basic posture is based on seven steps, and emphasized on Seven Stars Body Techniques and Seven Stars Step Techniques. Seven Stars Body Techniques refers to making the gesture of the body as bending as the shape of the seven stars; the head should be at the first position, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, ankle must be in flexion. Seven Stars Step Techniques refers to the advance and retreat and moving should follow the orbit of the seven stars. This kind of boxing is strong and fast in strength, focusing on dodging and moving. Mantis Boxing is its represent routine. In addition, there are inserting hammers, turnover, bounce-step, interception, picking helmet, double flowers, 18 shuttles, filing steel, 9 mantis turns or 18 mantis tumbles, abstract and so on. Abstract is composed of the main action chosen from Seven Stars Mantis Boxing, and has totally eight different routines. It is widespread in Shandong, Beijing, Tianjin and other places.

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