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六合螳螂拳 Six Conformities Mantis Boxing

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年02月25日 09:48 网络孔子学院

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六合螳螂拳 象形拳 之一。属北派螳螂拳,又名马猴螳螂拳。动作、劲法趋于柔,故而亦有“软螳螂拳”之称。 据传为清朝同治年间一名唤魏德林的军犯,自山东登州(今蓬莱)越狱潜逃,匿于招远串林家村林氏庄园中。伤愈后,为报答调养之恩而授艺传“六合短捶”,又叫马猴螳螂拳(即马猴步型,螳螂臂),演变称为六合螳螂拳。因为手指间有肉膜相连,状似鸭趾,人传为“鸭子巴掌”,后又有称“光板螳螂”。

 
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The Liu He Tang Lang Quan is one kind of animal-imitation boxing. It belongs to the Northern School Mantis Boxing, and is also known as Monkey Mantis Boxing. The action and strength tends to be soft and therefore it is also known as “Soft Mantis Boxing”. It is said that there was a military offender named Wei Delin in the Emperor Tongzhi period in Qing Dynasty; he broke the prison and escaped from Dengzhou, Shandong province (now Penglai) and hidden in the Manor Lin in Zhaoyuan, Shandong province. When he recovered from the injury, in order to repay the saver, he taught the saver The Liu He Duan Chui (Six Conformities short-hammer), also known as Monkey Ma Mantis Boxing (That is the Monkey Ma Step Routine, Mantis Arm). Later it developed as Six Conformities Mantis Boxing. As the fingers of Wei look like the shape of duck toe, people also called it the “duck slap”, and later named “mantis”.

后林世春得此拳术,经过勤学苦修,艺成后遐迩闻名。六合螳螂拳在练法和技法上强调以“意变”导“形变”,意会身随。要求活似机轮,圆似钢球,上下相随,内外合一。劲力分刚、柔、明、暗、滑五劲。套路主要有短锤、双封、铁刺、藏花、仙手奔、照面灯、截手圈以及六合摘要、九十三手等。

Lin Shichun learned this boxing routine, after years of practice, his martial arts are well known. The Liu He Tang Lang Quan emphasized on changing the form by changing mind, and enlightening from the body in practice methods as well as techniques. It requires being active as the wheels, as round as balls, coordinating the ups and downs and uniting the internal and external. The strength techniques contain strong, soft, light, secret and smooth. Routines are mainly Duan Chui (short-hammers), Shuang Feng (dual packer), Tie Ci (iron thorns), Zang Hua (hiding), Zhao Mian Deng (lamps), and Jie Shou Quan (hand-cut-off circle), as well as six conformities summary, 93 hand techniques and so on.

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