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梅花拳 Plum Flower Boxing

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年01月28日 14:01 网络孔子学院

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武术 拳种之一,亦名梅拳。据故宫博物院明清档案资料所载,清康熙年间,曾为京营都司的武探花杨丙(河南滑县人),即以梅花拳授滑县朱兆村齐大壮,齐传同村人唐恒乐,唐传冯克善。此后,梅花拳遂盛传豫、鲁、冀一带。拳术套路主要有:五势梅花桩、五势头、梅花老架及八方步、八方散手等;器械套路有梅花刀、梅花枪、梅花剑、梅花雁翅、梅花大刀、梅花双头枪等。“五势梅花桩”,指作为静力性桩功练习的顺式、拗式、小式、败式、扑式(亦称大式)等五个基本拳势,此五势是梅花拳系的基本内容,拳谱云:“拳式之变皆以五势为拳母”。

 
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The Plum Flower Boxing is one kind of the martial arts, and is also known as Plum Flower Quan. According to the documents of the Ming and Qing dynasties archived in National Palace Museum, during the period of the Qing Emperor Kangxi, Yang Bing (from County Hua, Henan province), the third best player of martial arts taught Qi Dazhuang, the man came from a village named Zhu Zhao in the same county the Plum Flower Boxing, Qi taught Tang Hengle, and then Tang taught Feng Keshan. Since then, the Plum Flower Boxing was gradually popular in the area of Henan, Shandong and Hebei provinces. The routines of Plum Flower Boxing contain: five powerful plum flower piles, five momentums, old frame and octagon steps, etc., device routines are plum flower knives, spears, swords, plum flower soaring, broadsword, double-headed spears, etc. “Five Potential Plum Flower Piles” refers to five basic types named cis-type, bend-type, small type, defeated style, flutter-type (also known as big-style), etc., usually used as the static nature of static stance exercises. The five potential types are the basic content of the series of Plum Flower Boxing. Boxing Book goes that “the changes of boxing style all begin with five potential types.”

入门之初,首习此五势桩功,以期达到“外练筋骨皮,内练一口气”的功效。“五势头”是以上述五势结合步法与其他攻防招术组成的套路,其运动路线以左右往返为半,间有纵横交错,结构紧凑,拳法密集,脚法多变。“八方步”是一种步法和手法、身法、腿法结合的练习方法。所谓八方,是指身体的前、后、左、右、左前、左后、右前、右后等八面,并有上八方(亦称大八方)、中八方、下八方(亦称小八方)之分。上八方指上盘的手法,中八方指中盘的身法,下八方指下盘的步法与腿法。梅花拳的主要手法有:冲、崩、推、打、劈、砸、盖、扣、撩、拦、捋、带、钩、搂、刁、拿;步法有进(扎)、退(撤)、撂、窜、跃、纵、腾、绕、滑等;腿法有:踢、踹、蹬、蹁、缠、截、弹、点、跺、踩、勾、扫等。梅花拳的身法表现为吸卸柔化,以及肩靠、背挤、头撞、胯打等。

At the beginning, learn the five potential static stances first so as to achieve the aim of “practicing the skin and bones outside and practicing the energy inside”. “Five momentums” is a powerful combination of the above-mentioned five steps with the other offensive and defensive routines, their movement routes are halved from the left to the right, and there are also criss-crossing, compact structures, intensive boxing and varied foot techniques. “Octagon Step” is a practice technique combined with hand techniques, body techniques and leg techniques. The main techniques of the Plum Flower Boxing are: dashing, cracking, pushing, beating, splitting, smashing, stamping, buckling, lifting, blocking, stroking, leading, hooking, hugging, holding, etc. step methods contain: forwarding (tie), withdrawal (evacuating), putting down, channeling, jumping, vertical, rising, winding, sliding, etc., leg techniques are: kicking, trampling, tangling, intercepting, catapulting, pointing, stamping, treading, hooking, sweeping and so on. The manifestations of Plum Flower Boxing lie in its absorption and soften, as well as shoulder lying, back extrusion, head collusion, hips fighting, etc.

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