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醉拳 Drunker Fist

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年01月07日 08:59 网络孔子学院

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醉拳,象形拳 之一。又称“醉酒拳”、“醉八仙拳”。是以醉形、醉态与攻防技法融合而成的拳术。成形于明清,张孔昭著《拳经拳法备要》即载有《醉八仙歌》。醉拳吸收了“地趟拳”的底功并结合拳法、醉形醉态,从而形成独特风格的拳术套路。拳经要诀有云:“地龙真经利在底攻,全身炼地强固精神,伸可成曲住亦能行,屈如优虎比若腾龙,行住无迹伸曲潜踪,身坚如铁法密如龙,翻猛虎豹转疾隼鹰,倒分前后左右分明。”其风格有重形、重技及形技并重三大类。特点是:形醉意不醉,步醉心不醉,醉中有拳,拳法似醉。核心在一个“醉”字,以醉取势,以醉惑人,以醉进招。

 
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Zui Quan (Drunker Fist), created following the drunk’s behaviors, is also known as “Drunken Style” or “Drunken Eight Immortals Boxing.” It is a kind of boxing formed by drunk-gesture, drunkenness and a combination of offensive and defensive techniques. Zui Quan took shape in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and was written in the book named Essentials of Boxing that contains Zui Baxian Ge (The Jingle of the Drunken Eight Immortals) written by Zhang Kongzhao. Zui Quan has absorbed the skill of “Ditang Boxing”, combined with boxing, drunk-gesture as well as drunkenness, created a unique style of boxing routines. There are three different categories of its style named emphasizing on the gesture, emphasizing on the techniques and emphasizing on both gesture and techniques. The characteristics of Zui Quan are: the action is drunken style while the mind is not, the clear conscious with drunken steps, boxing in the state of being drunk. The key of Zui Quan is “drunk”. Take the advantage of being drunk to confuse the opponent and to get the upper hand to move forward.

手法有刁、拿、采、扣、劈、点、搂、插等,以刁、点、搂、扣为主;腿法有蹬、弹、勾、挂、缠、踹、撩、踢等,以勾、挂、缠、踢为主;步法有提、落、进、撤、碎、击、碾、盖等,以踉跄步(即醉步)为主;眼法有视、瞧、藐、瞟;身法有挨、撞、挤、靠;跌法分佯跌、硬跌、化险跌三类;练法要求神传意发,心动形随,步碎身活,形神合一。须练至周身“无一处惧打,亦无一处不打人”;用法讲求眼疾手快,形醉意清,随机就势,避实就虚,闪摆进身,跌撞发招。歌诀有:“颠倾吞吐浮不倒,踉跄跌撞翻滚巧,滚进为高滚出妙,随势跌扑人难逃。”

The set of Zui Quan contains Zui Ba Xian (Drunken Eight Immortals), Tai Bai Zui Jiu (Drunken Taibai), Wusong Zui Jiu (Drunken Wu Song), Yan Qing Zui Jiu (Drunken Yan Qing), andLu Zhi Shen Zui Da Shan Men (Drunken Lu Zhishen Hitting the Gate of the Temple on the Mountain). The drunken sword, drunken stick, drunken spears as well as drunken combatants and other instrument and training routines have developed on the basis of modern and contemporary Zui Quan. It is of great exercise value for the flexibility, coordination, agility and response capabilities of human beings with its flexible steps nimble technique.

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