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鱼门拳 Yumen Boxing

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年11月12日 08:54 网络孔子学院

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鱼门拳 湖北地方拳种之一,属南拳类。相传明末清初年间,有戈定、韩通、董奎、赵玄、薛礼、钟师6位武林义士,隐于咸宁泉山金凤峡,因观鱼在水中穿逐转跃之妙,渔人撒网用力之巧受到启悟,共创此拳,故又名“鱼门六家艺”。清末,陈光周(咸宁人)到武汉传授鱼门拳,名噪一时。陈传艺于胡连、刘义涛等。

 
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Fish Boxing, one of the Hubei local boxing, belongs to Southern Boxing category. According to the legend, during the late Ming and early Qing, six Kungfu chivalrous created this boxing by enlightened of the actions of fish swimming and the fishermen fishing. So it is also known as "Fish School 6 Arts". In the late of the Qing Dynasty, Chen Guangzhou went to Wuhan to teach the Fish School Boxing and was rather famous at that time.

鱼门拳在武汉、咸宁、沙市、汉阳、红安等地流传百余年;江西也有传习者。其流行的主要套路有六和图、八阵图、燕青图、六角长拳等。练习时要求脚踩八卦,手扣七星,上下分三关,三尖一条线。发劲时讲求松、合、冲,亦称“垮力台”;有五峰碰力法,即头、肩、肘、臀、膝、形似游鱼疾穿,一碰即转。据向恺然撰《我练太极拳之经验》称:“所谓鱼门拳者,架式十二路,用法与太极相似,亦有两人推手之法……练时亦贵慢,贵不用力”。技法讲求墩、克、扒、拿四字。总体特点是:拳势柔和平稳,无甚起伏;转折灵巧,柔中寓刚;活如车轮、轻如猫行;龙身虎步,鸡眼猴形;腿法少,穿缠手法多。如拳诀云:“碧波描艺观鱼游,鱼在水中善穿逐;摇头好似龙摆尾,摆尾又如凤回头;浮沉翻复轻灵巧,左右开弓精气足;要学鱼门精巧艺,常在水边观鱼游。”

Yumen Quan (Fish School Boxing) was widespread in Wuhan, Xianning, Shashi, Hanyang, Hong'an and many other places for over a hundred years, there were also masters in Jiangxi. The main popular routines of Fish School Boxing required the foot to put on the Eight Diagrams, the hands on seven stars, keep three gates from top to bottom and make the three points in the same line when practicing. It emphasizes on loosing, combining and dashing, when making force. Remember to keep your gesture as the same as the fish swimming freely in the water and turn around quickly as soon as being touched. According to My Experience in Practicing Taichi Quan, "The so-called Fish School Boxing with its 12 routines is similar to shadowboxing, there are also the methods of two men pushing their hands when practicing... you'd better keep slow and not use your strength." The methods of Fish School Boxing emphasize on four aspects blocking, overcoming, scratching and seizing. Overall features of Fish School Boxing are: the gesture is soft and smooth with little ups and downs; turning is flexible with solidness in softness; as active as wheels, walking as light as a cat, the body is as strong as a tiger, the step is as fast as a dragon, and the monkey gestures with cock eyes. There are few leg skills and more winding techniques. As the Boxing Tactics goes: "To act as the fish chasing in water and to shake your head like the dragon wagging the tail, drifting flexibly, often watching the fish swimming in the water to learn the delicate skill of Fish School Boxing." 

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