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http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年09月09日 09:05 网络孔子学院


武术 器械之一。金属制成,形如圆环,周沿有刃,直径约35厘米。一般双手各持一圈,作双兵器使用。古代列为杂兵器。《事物纪源》卷九载:“通典曰,梁有舞轮技。”此所言之轮即圈也。《古今图书集成》第三百卷载:“咸平三年,相国寺僧法山,本洛州人,疆姓,其族百口悉为戎人所掠,至是,愿还俗,隶军伍以效死力,且献铁轮,拔浑重三十三斤,首尾有刃,为马上格战具。”北京西郊石景山模式口翠微山麓明代著名的法海寺壁画中就画有“风火轮”,也属圈类。古代的圈属暗器。形如手镯,除握手呈圆形外,其余均为扁圆形,并在外缘有形如锯齿的薄刺,掷出后使圈旋转,以刺伤人。

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A kind of martial arts weapons. They are made of metal and in round shape with blades along the edge. Its diameter is about 35 cm. Generally each hand holds a circle to use it as one of the double weapons. They are listed as a kind of sundry weapons in ancient times. Volume 9 of Sources of Materials records: “The General Standard says there is the skill of playing wheels in the Liang Kingdom”. The wheels mentioned are circles. Volume 300 of Collection of Ancient and Contemporary Books records: “In the third Xianping year, up to 100 relatives of Monk Fa Shan of the Xiangguo Temple, who was from Benluo County and surnamed Jiang, were brought away by bandits and therefore he wanted to return to the secular world and joint the army to offer his all. He presented an iron circle which weighs about 33 jin and had blades in the front and back. It’s weapons for fighting on the horse.” The “pinwheel painted in the fresco in the famous Fahai Temple of the Ming Dynasty at the foot of Cuiwei Mountain in Moshikou of Shijingshan in the west suburb of Beijing is also a circle. In ancient times, circles were hidden weapons and shaped like bracelets. Except their round handle, the other part is flat and round and has thin thorns like saw tooth along the edge. They spun to hurt with thorns after being thrown out.


Circles are diversified and divided according to their structures into Qiankun circles, which are also called Jingang circles and have an inner diameter of about 30 cm, with two sub-tomahawks about 10 cm long, two small thorns about 5 cm long and two big thorns about 6 cm long; Taiyi Riyue Qiankun circles, which are iron circles with a diameter of about 30 cm, a sharp blade on the outer edge, a crescent-like sharp blade on the inner edge and a handle that is wrapped with cotton thread for holding on the circle at the upper end of the crescent; Riyue pinwheels, which are similar to Taiyi Riyue Qiankun circles but have two additional small circles on both sides of the handle, whose inner diameter is about 24 cm, width about 2.5 cm, inner tomahawk about 14 cm long; Fenghuo circles, which are short and small weapons and composed of a crescent, a round and a blade tip, with a round inner diameter at about 30 cm and 8 tips and 16 blades that are extremely sharp as well as a handle that is wrapped in cotton thread for holding at the bottom of the round; Riyue Qiankun circles, whose inner diameter is about 20 cm, tomahawk about 26 cm long and thorns about 10 long, with the handle vertical to the circles and about 15 cm high. All the above circles prevailed in the Qing Dynasty and belong to the exclusive weapons of the Bagua school. The basic skills at circles are brandishing, smashing, noosing, dragging, latticing and pressing. The main practice of circles includes, firstly, Shaolin Jingang circling, which has 16 moves, with the main actions of the sleeping dragon circling the column, the fierce tiger emerging from the mountain, the boy worshipping Buddha, etc. and with the main skills of striking, bumping, hanging and smashing; secondly, Jingang circling, which has 47 moves, with the main actions of taking the enemy’s knee by the left hand and capturing him with the circle with the right hand, turning left, stepping the right foot and hitting with the circle with the right hand, stepping the right foot and back smashing with the circle, etc.; thirdly, Yinyang Qiankun circling, which has 21 moves, with the main actions of the old monk hitting the golden bell, left and right Danfeng Chaoyang, fishing for the moon from the bottom of the sea, etc.; and fourthly, Yuanyang circling, which has 21 moves, with the main actions of showing the circles at a slanting gate, circling the root of a withered tree, mandarin ducks emerging from the water, etc. and with the main skills of pushing, chopping, closing, cutting, entangling and seizing.


Circles as modern martial arts weapons don’t have teeth and blades and have a diameter of 25 cm and a strip of color silk on them. In practice and performance, each hand holds a circle while turning, turning over and jumping with graceful postures. They are fit for youngsters and women to practice. After the founding of the People’ Republic of China, circles used in national martial arts competitions include “double circles”, “Qiankun circles”, “pinwheels”, “crescent circles”, etc. in practice and “double circles against cudgel” in confrontations.


功夫频道教学课件:鸳鸯拳 常见兵器:刀 功夫频道教学课件:蛇拳 常见兵器:盾 常见兵器:飞镖

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