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黑虎拳

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年08月16日 09:20 网络孔子学院

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黑虎拳 地方性拳种。同称“黑虎拳”者有三。浙江台州黑虎拳。南拳类,称浙江南拳,盛行于浙江台州地区,创始于何人何时无据可考。此拳法有:捶(冲)、抓、拿、掼、搂、砸、劈、扫、撩、砍、撞、压等;肘法主要有:靠、撞、提等;桥法有:盘、切、圈等。主要步型有:四平马、不丁不八(四六步)等。对身型的基本要求是:头正、项直、沉肩沉桥、含胸敛臀。对发力的基本要求是:根于脚,发于胸,达于手;以心行气,以气行力,发声助力;讲求寸劲(爆发力)、长劲、沉坠劲、撞劲等。

 
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Black Tiger Boxing is one categories of local boxing in China. There are three kinds of boxing named "Black Tiger Boxing ". ① Zhejiang Taizhou Black Tiger Boxing. It belongs to Southern Boxing School (Southern Style Boxing). The time and the person who initiated it cannot be researched. The routine of this boxing is hammering (dashing), grasping, taking, hugging, splitting, sweeping, lifting, cutting and hitting etc., elbow techniques including depending, colliding, lifting etc. Basic requirements of the people figures are the straight head and the neck, the shoulders must be pushed down and to receive the chest and the buttocks. Basic requirements on force-generation are: rooted in the feet, started from the chest, developed from the hands; take breath according to the heart beat, generate the force according to the breath, and shouting to enhance the strength; it emphasizes on Power of Sanjan Exercise (explosive power), Long Power, Falling Power, Hitting Power and so on. Forms requirements: the momentum should be coherent, the arms should be firm, and the waist should be steady. The offensive and defensive techniques emphasize the cross-chargeability of the palm and the fingers, as well as that of the fist, claw and elbow. The boxing routines are: Shaolin Black Tiger, Small Black Tiger, Black Tiger Stands, Five Tigers Boxing, etc.

套路演练时要求:气势连贯,气沉丹田,鼓贯全身,臂坚腰实,落地生根。在攻防技术上讲求掌、指交叉使用,拳、爪、肘交互并兼。此拳包括的套路有:少林黑虎、小黑虎、黑虎架、五虎拳等。

四川黑虎拳。系矮桩长手拳,多流行川西、川南一带。创于何时何人不可考。该拳主要手法有:劈、冲、撩、掳、拿、砍、宰、削、截、抓、扣、挖等;常用的腿法有里缠、铲踹、扫腿、蹬腿、虎尾腿、弹剪腿、挂撩腿等。步法多以连环步为主;身法讲求斜身贴靠,仰俯屈伸,拧旋转折等。技击讲求同侧手脚并用。主要动作有:黑虎出洞、黑虎掏心、猛虎还岭、伏虎相争、饿虎扑食、虎跃山岗、剪尾倒竖等。

Sichuan Black Tiger Boxing belongs to Short Pile Long Hand Boxing, and is widespread in western and southern Sichuan. The time and the person who initiated it cannot be researched. The routines of this boxing are splitting, dashing, lifting, stitching, taking, cutting, slaughtering, chopping, stopping, grasping, clasping, digging, etc., common leg techniques are wrapping around the legs, cutting, kicking, sweeping, treading, tiger tails, playing and lifting, etc. Step techniques are mainly based on multi-steps; Body techniques emphasize on side-stepped, facing upward and downward, flexion and extension, twisting and rotating. The techniques stress on using both arms and legs. Main actions include: black tiger comes out of lair, black tiger digging heart, tiger going back to the cave, Fu-hu fighting, hungry tiger pouncing on its prey, tiger jumping the hill, horrent tail and so on.

甘肃黑虎拳。属四门拳系,主要流行于甘肃礼县、西和、平凉、岷县、甘谷等地区。创始于何时何人亦不可考。此拳手法讲求拳、掌、肘兼用,相辅相成,以挑、砸抄、推、冲、切、按、击、顶、截等为多见;肘法有:砸肘、击肘、按肘、坐肘等;腿法以弹腿为主,兼有膝法。其套路要求结构紧凑,拳势舒展大方,动作快速迅捷,劲力充沛,节奏鲜明,一气呵成,表现勇猛凌厉,锐不可挡之势。主要动作有:黑虎掏心、腋下翻掌、弓步顶肘、提膝切掌、弓步劈掌、双风贯耳、大鹏展翅、野鸟归林、震脚推山等。

Gansu Black Tiger Boxing belongs to Four-Gate Boxing School, and is popular in Li County, Gansu province, Xihe, Pingliang, Minxian, Gangu and many other areas. The time and the person who initiated it cannot be researched. This kind of boxing emphasizes on using fist, palm, elbow altogether at the same time and making each part complement each other; main routines include: picking, hitting, stumbling, pushing, dashing, cutting, pressing, fighting, retorting, truncating, etc.; elbow techniques are: smashing, hitting, pressing, sitting, etc.; legs techniques are mainly based on teasing the legs and also include knees techniques. The routines of this kind of boxing require compact structure, generous boxing potential stretch, speedy action, abundant energy, vivid rhythm, coherence, fierce and sharp performance, strong and unstoppable trend. Main actions include: black tiger digging heart, turning the palm in the armpit, lounging and butting elbow, raising the knees and cutting with palms, lunging and stiff-fingered blows, punching the ears with double fists, the roc spreads its wings, birds returning to the forest, stamping foot pushing the hills and so on.

 

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