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袖箭

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年06月04日 08:58 网络孔子学院

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袖箭 袖箭是古代暗器之一。用时藏于袖中,一按机括,箭即发出,故名袖箭。袖箭的构造包括箭筒和箭。箭筒为直经2.7厘米、长18厘米的金属圆筒,筒盖上有射孔,距盖3.3厘米处装有蝴蝶翅,筒内装一弹簧,其下端连于尾盖,上连一圆铁片;箭为竹杆铁头,箭长约15厘米。最早记载见于《元史?顺帝纪二》:“辛末,禁弹弓、弩箭、袖箭。”茅元仪《武备志》卷120称:“袖箭者,箭短而簇重,可御人三十步之远。”

 
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Sleeve arrows are a kind of ancient hidden weapons and hidden in sleeves when used. Arrows will be shot once the mechanism is touched, so they are called sleeve arrows. The construction of sleeve arrows includes the sleeve tube and arrow. The sleeve tube is a metal cylinder with a diameter of 2.7cm and a length of 18 cm. There is a shooting hole in the cylinder cover and a butterfly wing 3.3 cm from the hole. There is a spring in the cylinder and its lower end is connected to the back cover with a round iron plate. The arrow is a bamboo rod with an iron head and the arrow is 15 cm long. The Yuan History: Second Record of Emperor Shun records such weapons earliest: “In the year of Xinmo, catapults, crossbows and sleeve arrows were forbidden.” Mao Yuanyi’s Record of Weapons says: “Sleeve arrows are short but their feather is heavy. They can hit people 30 steps away.”

使用前,将箭杆压入筒内,弹簧被压紧,蝴蝶翅将杆凹陷处卡住。发射时,拨动蝴蝶翅,箭被弹射而出。袖箭的种类有很多:分为单筒、双筒、三才袖箭(三个箭筒相连)、四象袖箭(四个箭筒相连)和梅花袖箭(六个筒相连并组成梅花形)等数种。Before use, arrow rods are pressed into the cylinder and springs are pressed tight. The butterfly wing locks the rod at its trough. Move the butterfly wing and the arrow is ejected. Sleeve arrows are divided into many categories: single cylinder, double cylinder, Sancai sleeve arrows (three connected arrow cylinders), Sixiang (four connected arrow cylinders) and Meihua sleeve arrows (six connected cylinders forming a quincunx).

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