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蛇拳

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年04月15日 14:47 网络孔子学院

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蛇拳 象形拳 的一种,以模拟 象形拳 的动作形象结合技击法而成的拳术 。手型以蛇形掌为主,有穿、插、按、劈、钻、压。摆、挑等掌法和崩、钻、按、冲、横、劈、勾等拳法,步型为半马步、跪步、丁步、独立步、弓步和麒麟步等。动作刚柔相济,开合得宜。以柔劲为主,柔中寓刚。上肢、躯干要松柔如意,下肢则桩实灵活 做到步活而桩实。实战时则求身颤步转,应巧柔还。二手忽闪神要战;圈绕步,步偕身,用指抢喉快为准;龙戏珠,掌插肋,勿手啄人勿顶击;脚尖点,虎爪进,急来缓应巧柔还。发劲时,同时还发声,常以呵、哈、丝声助势。

 
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Snake Boxing is one kind of animal-imitation boxing. It is created following the snake’s behaviors. Hand gesture is mainly snake-like palm, there are threading, inserting, pressing, chopping, drilling, pressuring, wagging, choosing and many other palm routine as well as breaking, drilling, pressing, dashing, crossing, splitting, hooking and other boxing techniques, semi-horse step, kneeling step, T stance, independent step, bow step, and kylin step styles, etc. Action should alternate hardness with softness, open and close properly. Emphasize on soft force, and combine pliability with toughness. Upper limbs and flank should be soft and easy to control; pelvic limbs should be steady and flexible. Make sure that the stance is flexible and the stake is firm and steady. Actual combat requires the body vibrate and the stance change, cope with the situation flexibly.

蛇拳 的套路主要由神蛇炼月、金蛇陆起、蛇蟠天真、白蛇吐信、风蛇绕树、玄蛇盘石、毒蛇喷沫、腾蛇走雾、角蛇应尾等形象化动作组成。主要模仿蛇之盘旋曲伸、曲折吞吐、伸缩往来的巧妙。在练法上,力求动作柔韧灵活,开合吞吐鲜明,周身节节贯通,沿波浪曲线斜向前进。各流派武术均有蛇拳套路。
Main routines of Snake Boxing are composed of many animal-imitation actions. These actions mainly imitate the circling, flexion and extension, swallowing and stretching of the snakes. The movements should be flexible, link the whole body tightly and move forward along the wave curve. Almost all the schools of martial arts contain Snake Boxing.

关键词学习 Keywords Study

shé
Snake
爬行动物,身体细长,体上有鳞,无四肢。种类很多,有的有毒,有的无毒。以蛙、鼠为食,大蛇亦吞食大兽类。
Reptiles, body slender, scaly body, no limbs. Many types, some toxic, some non-toxic. With frogs, rats for food, the serpent has swallowed a large animal.

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蛇拳:shé quán 
Snake boxing
拳术的一种,以模仿蛇的运动形象,融进技击为主要特点。
A boxing, to mimic the movement of the snake image, melting into the attack and the main features.

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柔韧性:róu rèn xìng
Flexibility
柔软而坚韧的性质。
The nature of soft and tough.

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实战:shí zhàn  
Actual Combat
实际作战;实际战斗。
Actual combat means battle in the practical or real situation.

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模仿:mó fǎng
Imitate
个体自觉或不自觉地重复他人的行为的过程。可分为无意识模仿和有意识模仿、外部模仿和内部模仿等多种类型。
Individual consciously or unconsciously repeat the process of the actions of others. Can be divided into conscious imitation of imitation and unconscious, external and internal imitation of imitation and other types.

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