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猴拳

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年04月09日 14:03 网络孔子学院

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中国拳术 象形拳 之一。因模仿猴子 的各种动作而得名。据记载,中国早在西汉时就有了猴舞和猴拳 猴拳 在发展过程中形成了不同的流派和技术风格,但基本要领却是共同的,即在眼、身、手、步等方面要做到22个字:刚、柔、轻、灵、绵、巧、躲、闪、神、束、抓、甩、采、切、刁、拿、扣、顶、缠、蹬、踹、弹。前10个字指的是整个动作的神态,中间8个字指的是上肢手法,后4个字是腿法。近代猴拳多以套路的形式出现,其动作内容既要模仿猴子机灵、敏捷的形象,又要符合武术的技击特点,如出洞、窥望、看桃、攀登、摘桃、蹬枝、拼抢、藏桃、蹲坐、吃桃、喜乐、惊窜、入洞等都是具有形、法统一的猴拳动作。有的套路还编进一些跌、扑、滚、翻动作。

 
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Monkey Boxing is one of Pictographic Boxing in Chinese martial arts. It is named due to its varieties of actions imitating a monkey. It is recorded that as early as in the Western Han Dynasty, China has had monkey dances and Monkey Boxing. In the development process, Monkey Boxing formed different genres and technical styles, but the basic gist is the same, namely achieving 22 words in eyes, body, hands, steps and other parts of the body: strong, soft, light, nimble, weak, dexterous, dodging, flashing, soul, beam, grasping, swinging, mining, cutting, holding, taking, buckling, retorting, winding, treading, kicking and bouncing . The first 10 characters refer to the air of the whole movement, the 8 characters in the middle refer to the upper limbs approach and the last 4 characters refer to legs approach. Modern monkey Boxing mostly appears in routine form, whose content of their movements will not only imitate monkeys clever and quick images, but also accord with martial arts features such as, getting out of its hole, peeping, watching peaches, climbing, picking peaches, climbing twigs, robbing, hiding peaches, squating, eating peaches, joy, sudden running, hole entering and so on, all of which are with actions of Monkey Boxing. Some routines are also allocated to a number of tumbling, fluttering, rolling, and turning movements.

猴拳 要求做到形像、意真、法密、步轻、身活。形像就是外形要像猴子,如耸肩、缩颈、圆背、束身、弯肘、垂腕、曲膝等。意真是要做到神似,表现猴子 的精神。法密是方法要紧密连贯,有起伏,有节奏。步轻是步子轻巧迅速。身活是身子灵活。中华人民共和国建立后,猴拳 在动作质量、套路编排、表演效果等方面都有提高。1953年以后历届全国性武术表演比赛都有猴拳项目。
Monkey Boxing requires similar image, true meaning, secret techniques, light steps and active body. Similar image means that the appearance must resemble monkeys, such as shrugging, shrinking necking, round back, recoil, bending elbow, vertical wrist, lower the knees, and so on. True meaning means similarity in spirit, showing the spirit of monkeys. A secret technique means that the techniques must be compact and coherent, with ups and downs as well as rhythms. Light step means that the step must quick and light. Active body means that the body must be flexible and nimble. After the People's Republic of China was established, monkey boxing developed a lot in the action quality, routine choreography, performance effects, and other aspects. After 1953, monkey boxing appeared in successive national martial arts competitions.

猴拳 具有蹿、蹦、跳、扑、翻、滚、跌、进、退、顺、盼、定及拧、咬、撕、带等;其腿法有顶、勾、踢、弹、摆、蹬等;手法有扒、拧、带、撩、攀、撕。演练此拳可以锻炼灵活性,多变性,促进地趟功夫,对外练筋骨皮是一项很好的训练,对金钟罩功抗打性打下坚实的基础,对增强肌肉发展也起了增长作用,对增强耐力和意志是个很好的典型套路。
Main techniques of Monkey Boxing include leaping, jumping, hopping, fluttering, turning, rolling, tumbling, advancing, retreating, following, hoping, stopping and twisting, biting, tearing, taking, etc.; Leg techniques are retorting, hooking, kicking, flipping, swinging, treading, etc.; Hand techniques are picking, wringing, taking, lifting, climbing and tearing. Practice this kind of boxing can train the flexibility, promoting the martial arts Ditang Kongfu. It is also a good boxing to train the bones and the external skin, and may lay a solid foundation for the protective shield of anti-fighting also played a role in the development of enhancing muscle, and is a good example of routine to enhance the endurance and will.

关键词学习 Keywords Study

猴子hóu zi
Monkey
泛指属于类人猿亚目(Anthropoidea)的猴科及悬猴科的若干种食果性和食肉性的灵长类,其面部是典型的扁平而无毛,所有种类都是五指(趾),乳腺永远位于胸部。
Monkey was an animal with a long tail, that climbs trees and lives in hot countries. There are several types of monkey and they are related to apes and humans.

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猴拳:hóu quán
Monkey boxing
一种模拟猴类动作举止的拳术
An analog behavior of boxing action monkeys.

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拳术:quán shù
Boxing
中国武术中徒手技法的总称。以套路运动为主。由步型、步法、手型、手法、腿法、跳跃、平衡、跌扑、滚翻等技法组成套路。主要拳术有长拳、短拳、南拳、太极拳、形意拳、八卦拳、通背拳、螳螂拳等
Chinese martial arts in general hand techniques. Mainly to routine movement. The step form, footwork, hand type, method, leg, jumping, balance, or flutter, roll routine techniques, such as composition. There changquan major boxing short boxing, Nanquan, Tai Chi, Xing Yi Quan, Bagua Quan, Tong Bei Quan, mantis boxing and so on.

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动作dòng zuò 
Action
全身或身体的一部分的活动
Body or body part of the activities.

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手法shǒu fǎ
Technique
处理材料的方法。常用于工艺、美术或文学方面,含有技巧、工夫、作风等意义
Method of handling materials.

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